Vocabulary Development
Screenshot 2014-05-13 16.42.30.png

Strategy
Explanation
Before
During
After
Reference
ABC Brainstorming
AlphaBoxes




ABC Brainstorming
AlphaBoxes
Affix cards
Using games to explicitly teach prefixes and suffixes.



Teaching Reading Comprehensions Strategies p 174-175
Alliteration
A sentence that contains words beginning with the same sound.
Write three word clusters that describe the topic. Use the clusters to write factual sentences or poems.


P
Alliteration
AlphaAntics
After reading about a topic, the students make a list of related words. They then use these words to create a book about the topic.
Ie “W” is for eagle, because they can have up to an eight-foot WINGSPAN.


P
AlphaAntics
Alphabetical line up
Make a set of word cards, with each words beginning with a different letter.
Give each student a word and have them line up in alphabetical order.
For older students, have words that begin with the same letter.



Teaching reading comprehension strategies p 174
Best Word
Students are given a sticky note. They choose a word they don’t know the meaning of. Students place the sticky notes on a chart to discuss.
Alternately, the students may choose a word they like the sound of, recognised a root word or appealed to them for another reason.

P

The Reading Activity handbook p 20
Clarification
Assist students understanding words (that have multiple meanings) in context by getting them to locate clues in the text to assist them.

P
P
Clarification
Class dictionary
Each student makes a page for the class dictionary, including features of the dictionary such as parts of speech, pronunciation and other dictionary features



Teaching reading comprehension strategies p 175
Concept of Definition Map
Place the word to be explored in the centre of the chart.
Determine a broad category describing the word What is it/
Describe the focus word in What is it like?
Provide specific examples in What are some examples?
Determine a comparison
P

P
Guided Comprehension in grades 3-8 (p 210)
Connect the words
See relationships and connections between important vocabulary terms.
Write theme word in middle of the page.
Add 2-3 important words. Write how these words are connected
P
P
P
Building Reading Comprehension habits (150-151)
BLM p 164
Context Clues
Explain the 8 context clues
- Definition examples/illustration, compare/contrast, logic. Root words and affixes, grammar, cause and effect, mood and tone

P

Guided Comprehension in grades 3-8 (p 211-212)
Building Reading Comprehension Habits (p141-1440
Decoding and Analogy
Teach students to decode new words by analogy in context.

P

Guided Comprehension in grades 3-8 (p 212-213)
Dictionary activities
Alphabetical line up
- Give students a word card and have them line up in alphabetical order.

Dictionary word hunt
-One student calls out a word from their spelling list. The others race to find it in the dictionary and read the meaning.

What is the meaning of this?
- Work in pairs. One student writes a difficult word on a card, the other writes the meaning on another card.
Can play a variety of games matching the cards.

Word bluff
- Students choose difficult words. Write one true and 2 false definitions. Other students choose the correct definition,

Make your own class dictionary
-Each child makes a page for a class dictionary, using their name as the word. Include features such as parts of speech, pronunciations, and other dictionary features



Teaching Reading Comprehensions Strategies p 174-175
Dictionary word hunt
Students work is spelling groups. The leader calls out a spelling word. The other students race to find the word in the dictionary.



Teaching reading comprehension strategies p 174
Example Web
Choose a key term from the text. Add examples of the of the term
P
P
P
Building Reading Comprehension habits (p151-152)
FigFigs
Choose an unknown word from the text (figurative, symbol, metaphor, analogy, multiple meanings) Write down what the word in actually describing.
Write an explanation of the word’s meaning.
P
P

Building Reading Comprehension habits (152-153)
BLM p 165
Guess and Adjust
Write the title of the text in the graphic organiser.
Write 6-10 clue words and 3-5 new words.
Students predict the meaning of the words.
Do a QuickWrite (p84-85) that predicts the text’s content. Write predictions on the sheet.
Read aloud the text, the students follow in their own book. Mentally adjust their predictions.
Students finish reading the text and fill in the adjusted meaning.

P
P
Building Reading Comprehension habits (p 154)
BLM p 166
Keyword Web
Write a central theme or concept in the centre of the page.
Fill in 2-3 keys with important words.
Students choose 1-2 more key words.
Write descriptive words around each key.
Students could choose symbols to represent the words

P
P
Building Reading Comprehension habits (p 154-155)
BLM p 167
List-Group-Label
Have students brainstorm words or concepts related to a topic. Group the words and explain the groupings.
P

P
Guided Comprehension in grades 3-8 (p 213)
List-Group-label Plus
Gather words from a common topic and place on strips of paper or sticky notes.
Sort into groups and discuss why they go under the heading they chose.

P
P
Building Reading Comprehension habits (p 156)
More and Lesses
More
- Interesting texts
- Teach vocab in context
- Model strategies
- Connect vocab to concepts
- Use new words
- Make inferences about words
- Teach prefixes, suffixes and root words
- Extend meanings of words from concrete to abstract
- Connect new words to background knowledge
- Provide reading options related to topic at reading level of the students
- Provide MI approach to understanding meanings of words
- Provide time for lots of reading
Less
- Teach vocab out of context
- Words lists unrelated to topic
- Rote memorization of definitions
- Rely solely on context or decoding
- All words must be figured out to understand the text
- Looking up definitions as the primary way of figuring out word meaning
- Use vocab assessments not connected to real reading
- Writing sentences using new words and concepts they are just beginning to learn
P
P
P
Building Reading Comprehension habits (p147-148)
Multiple Meanings table
Use graphic organisers, lists, pictures diagrams etc to show the multiple meanings of words.

Choose several important words with multiple meanings form the text.
Write the word on the sheet. Discuss the parts of the words and write the parts and meanings in the columns.
Make a short list of similar words.
Look up the meaning in the dictionary and summarise meanings.
Write what the definitions have in common.
P
P

Building Reading Comprehension habits (p 157)
BLM p 168
New Words in Context Chart
In a matrix put a sentence from the text with a new word or phrase in Colum 1 and circle the new word.
Put word parts and related words in Column 2.
Predict the meaning of the word.
Read further and see if the text helps the meaning of the word.
Find the meaning of the word.
Create a sentence, rhyme or picture to remember the word

P

Building Reading Comprehension habits (p 157-158)
Possible sentence
Teacher chooses 2-3 unknown words and 7 familiar words from a text.
Students use 2 words to create a sentence which may appear in the text
P


Teaching Reading Comprehensions Strategies p 171
Possible sentences
List 6-8 difficult words and 4-6 more common words related to the text. Students write a sentence using two of the words.
P

P
Guided Comprehension in grades 3-8 (p 214)
Rivet
Choose important words from the text.
Use a line for each letter. Fill in the letters one by one. Predict the word.
Discuss the meaning of the word
P
P
P
Guided Comprehension in grades 3-8 (p 215)

Teaching Reading Comprehensions Strategies p 167
Scuba diving into New Words
Sound it Out
Check the clues
Use the main idea
Break the words into parts
Ask for help

P

Building Reading Comprehension habits (p 157-158)
Poster p 169
Self-selected Vacab Quizzes
Students choose 5-7 words from the text. They write the words on two pages in their book. Page 1 is for words and meanings. Page 2 is for word only.
Quiz- students copy the words. They then write the word meaning, or a sentence with the word in it.
They assess themselves, using the definitions in the book.



Building Reading Comprehension Habits p 159
Semantic Feature Analysis
Choose some words and categories related to the text. List the words in the Semantic Feature Analysis chart.
List the characteristics in the chart.
Identify the characteristics for each word.
P

P
Guided Comprehension in grades 3-8 (p 216)
Spot the clues
Explicitly teach the students how to use the context to predict the meaning of unknown words.

P

Teaching Reading Comprehensions Strategies p 173
Two word Reflection
After reading a text, the students choose two words (unrelated) which represent the key idea. The students then justify their choice. They then write a sentence explaining how the words are related to the topic.


P
Two Word Reflection
Two-Word Sentence Stickies
Students write two new words they want to learn on sticky notes.
Write a sentence that uses both words.
P
P
P
Building Reading Comprehension habits (p 159-160)
Using Context with Signals
Using pictorial and syntactic context

P

Building Reading Comprehension habits (p144)
Vocabulary Bank Notes
Choose words that have value in the classroom.
Create a list of bank notes using those words.
Students can earn the notes when they use the words in writing and talking

P
P
Building Reading Comprehension habits (p 159-160)
BLM p 170-171
Vocabulary by Analogy




Word surgery
Teach students the common meanings of roots, prefixes and suffices.
Model how to use the parts of words to work out unknown words.

P

Guided Comprehension in grades 3-8 (p 217)
Building Reading Comprehension habits (p147)
Vocabulary Self-Collection Strategy VSS
Select words that the students would like to learn more about.
Share the word, the context, where it was found, what they think it means, shy the class should study it.
Display the list of words and encourage students to use them


P
Guided Comprehension in grades 3-8 (p 217-218)
What’ s the meaning of this?
Each pair of students find a new/interesting words in the dictionary. They write the meaning on one card, and the word on the other.
Give out the cards randomly. Students walk around the room reading their card until they find a match.
Topic words can also be used.



Teaching reading comprehension strategies p 174
Wheel of Fortune
Divide the class into 2 teams.
Teacher draws a line to represent each letter in the word.
Each team chooses a letter. Teacher fills in the blanks.
The team who guesses the word is the winner.

P
P
Teaching Reading Comprehensions Strategies p 167
Word Bank
The word bank (word wall) should be categorised, ie topic words, words from Chpt 5, long words.
Write the word on card in large letters. Write the definition in small letters underneath.



Building Reading Comprehension Habits p 160
Word bluff
Students work in small groups. They find a new and interesting word. They write the true definition, plus two false definitions.
Take turns reading their definitions aloud once. The other groups choose the correct meaning



Teaching reading comprehension strategies p 175
Word chart
Define the word. Give examples and non-examples



Word chart
Word chart 2
Word chart 3
Word chart 5
Word chart 6
Word Cline
Clines focus in the intensity of meaning of words. They can be written on cards or sticky notes. Students place them on the cline according to their strength of meaning.

P
P
The Reading Activity handbook p 20
Word Investigation chart
When a student comes to an unknown word, they note it on the chart.

P

Teaching Reading Comprehensions Strategies p 172
Word map
A graphic organiser Includes the word, definition, synonyms, word in a sentence and an illustration

P
P
Teaching Reading Comprehensions Strategies p 170
Word Match
The teacher selects vocabulary that may be challenging. Words and their meanings are in two columns. Students match the words



The Reading Activity Handbook p 22
Word of the Week
Choose a new word. Students are encouraged to use the word throughout the week.



Teaching reading comprehension strategies p 169
Word of the Week
Teacher chooses the word of the week models how to present the new word. Students try to use the word in context. Students then take turns to choose a word of the week.



Teaching Reading Comprehensions Strategies p 169
Word Remembering
Pronounce the word several times.
Relate it to similar words.
Create a visual image in your mind.
Draw or find a picture to illustrate the word.
Make up a sentence or rhyme for the word.

P
P
Building Reading Comprehension habits (p 60)
Word remembering
  1. Pronounce the words several times
  2. Relate it to a similar word
  3. Create a visual image or connection in your mind
  4. Draw or find a picture that illustrates the word
  5. Make up a sentence or rhyme that uses the word and helps you remember the meaning



Building Reading Comprehension Habits p 161
Word Search
Students plot words form the story onto a grid, (or use Puzzlemaker.com). Swap word searches to solve. The words could have a particular focus.


P
The Reading Activity Handbook p 19
Word Sort
Students sort words associated with the topic.
  1. Open- students decide on the categories
  2. Teacher decides on the categories
  3. Teacher gives the students the categories and the students write the words as they are called out
P
P
P
Teaching Reading Comprehensions
Strategies p 168
Word Webs
Choose a topic word and write it in the centre of the page. Then create offshoots- definition, antonyms, synonyms, part of speech etc.

P
P
Word Webs